Having a false pregnancy is not the same as claiming to be pregnant for a benefit for example, to profit financiallyor having delusions of pregnancy such as in patients with schizophrenia.
Therefore, most Muslims believe pregnancy should solely occur during marriage. Treating False Pregnancy Pregnancy is usually an exciting time for expectant parents.
From these articles, 47 were not relevant or were duplicates based upon title and abstract screens and thus excluded. Articles considered for inclusion in the integrated review were primary research reports or editorials applying the HBM to family planning, and more specifically contraceptive behavior research.
Results Overview of the Model The HBM is a cognitive, interpersonal framework that views humans as rational beings who use a multidimensional approach to decision-making regarding whether to perform a health behavior. In rare cases, a woman or even a man believes she is pregnant, only to find out that her symptoms were caused not by pregnancy, but by something else entirely.
Pregnancy Outside of Marriage Islam teaches that sexual intercourse should only take place between a married man and woman. In this context, most contraception methods available today are considered permissible for Muslims to use at their discretion.
Abstract Introduction Theory-based research is needed to understand poor contraceptive behavior and related reproductive health sequelae.
The following key words were searched in combination: Following results of the review, a discussion of more recent contraceptive behavior research which supports enhanced HBM applications is presented.
Six key articles from the literature, including original works by the theory authors, provided sufficient description and critical commentary on development and testing of the model and its constructs and on implications for health behavior research applications.
People with pseudocyesis have many, if not all, symptoms of pregnancy -- with the exception of an actual fetus.
By Ashley Portero Islam teaches that pregnancy is one of the greatest gift Allah bestows upon women. Methods Primary articles on the HBM framework generally and its constructs were obtained from an electronic database search and used to provide an overview of the model.
However, because Islam teaches that sexual relations should only be practiced between a married man and woman, contraception is not encouraged as a means of preventing pregnancy outside of marriage.
Interruption of the menstrual period Swollen belly Enlarged and tender breastschanges in the nipples, and possibly milk production Feeling of fetal movements Weight gain These symptoms can last for just a few weeks, for nine months, or even for several years.
Birth Rites Muslim birth rites are tied to traditions recorded in hadiths the recorded sayings of the Prophetand not specifically the Quran. When a woman feels an intense desire to get pregnantwhich may be because of infertilityrepeat miscarriagesimpending menopauseor a desire to get married, her body may produce some pregnancy signs such as a swollen belly, enlarged breastsand even the sensation of fetal movement.
Birth Control Although all Muslims are encouraged to have children, contraception is not expressly forbidden in Islam, according to the Muslim Public Affairs Council.
We are more aware of the complexities of contraceptive behavior, which may Belief on pregnancy enhanced applications of the HBM to help identify and predict factors that influence successful contraception in current populations and settings. Doctors need to gently break the news, and provide psychological support, including therapy, to help the patient with pseudocyesis recover from her disappointment.
The purpose of this review was to examine the Health Belief Model HBM as a comprehensive, well-tested social-cognitive framework suitable for explaining and predicting contraceptive behavior. Using this strategy, 82 articles were found in the initial electronic database search.
Methods Existing literature, including editorials and research reports, describing HBM-guided contraceptive research between January and February was retrieved from established electronic databases. In a recent review of 14 studies testing theory-based contraceptive behavior interventions, none were found to use the HBM.
Muslims believe that carrying, and then raising, a child is one of the greatest gifts Allah can bestow upon a woman. Normal and Problem Pregnancies, fifth ed. What Causes False Pregnancy? Abortion Most Muslims do not believe abortion is permissible unless the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest, or if the life of the mother is in danger, according to the BBC.
Results Issues in original family planning applications of HBM included inconsistent conceptualizations of contraceptive behavior and limited use of all HBM constructs in research surveys, interventions and analyses.9 Unbelievable Pregnancy Superstitions From Around The World Some women here stick to them, too.
By Noelia Trujillo. Mar 19, Getty Images. Most Americans can't help but touch a pregnant woman.
Most Muslims do not believe abortion is permissible unless the pregnancy is the result of rape or incest, or if the life of the mother is in danger, according to the BBC.
The Health Belief Model is a framework for motivating people to take positive health actions that uses the desire to avoid a negative health consequence as the prime motivation.
For example, HIV is a negative health consequence, and the desire to avoid HIV can be used to motivate sexually active people into practicing safe sex.
Pregnancy Beliefs - Download as Word Doc .doc /.docx), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. for folklore studies pregnancy, for example not bringing the cot or pram into the house before the baby is InEgypt this ideal is advantageous to women as the general belief is that the mother’s emotional state affects the baby.
7 Pregnancy Superstitions. According to a 5,year-old Hindu belief, the numbers seven and nine are considered lucky and the number eight is not, says Kailash Upadhyay, head priest of the.
Are they just old wives' tales? Hispanic moms-to-be often hear lots of pregnancy advice based on traditional beliefs. The advice has no basis in fact, but may .Download